Two S&P/ASX 200 Index (ASX: XJO) fuel companies have been targeted by the Federal Government’s newly announced Fuel Security Package (FSP).
Both the Ampol Ltd (ASX: ALD) share price and Viva Energy Group Ltd (ASX: VEA) share price will be in focus following the news.
At the time of writing, the Ampol share price is 5% higher, trading at $27.25. The Viva Energy share price is up 5.2%, currently trading at $2.10.
The FSP is designed to protect Australia’s two remaining oil refineries and could be worth $2 billion.
If the package passes through Parliament, it will run from 2021 until 2030.
The package comes only months after BP plc and Exxon Mobil Corporation announced they were shutting down their respective Kwinana and Altona refineries. The Kwinana Refinery closure was announced in October 2020, while Altona’s was announced in February 2021.
Let’s take a closer look at the FSP, as well as Ampol and Viva’s reactions to its announcement.
What is the Fuel Security Package?
The FSP may see Ampol and Viva offered up to 1.8 cents per litre of fuel produced at their refineries through a Fuel Security Services Payment.
Through the FSP, the refineries will receive Government support payments if their margin of profit falls to, or becomes lower than, $10.20 per barrel of oil.
The amount of support received by the refineries depends on the amount of lost profit. It’s limited to 1.8 cents per litre of fuel, which the companies will receive if their refineries’ profit margin is equal to or less than $7.30 per barrel of oil. That would equate to $2.90 of Government funding per barrel of oil.
ABC News reports that if both refineries are paid at the highest rate available for the course of the FSP, it will cost the Federal Government a total of $2 billion.
The Government may also provide grants of up to $125 million to each refinery. The grants would help to pay for upgrades to allow the production of ultra-low sulphur gasoline. It will also provide a variable support payment of up to $108 million each year to help them through times of low incomes.
The FSP legislation is to be introduced to Parliament in the coming weeks, with hopes the FSP will be up and running by 1 July 2021.
Reactions to the FSP
Both ASX 200 fuel companies shared their excitement over the FSP yesterday.
Ampol welcomed the news, saying it would continue operating its Lytton refinery if the funding came to fruition. However, it would only commit to keeping the Lytton refinery open until mid-2027, an operational timeframe that is a condition of receiving FSP funding.